Please click on any of the letters above to find the corresponding theory.
Not all theories will have a corresponding page, yet, however. I am in the middle of updating this, so please come back to find out more. Of course, if there isn't a page yet, feel free to copy and paste anything into a search engine to do your research.
As mentioned before, it is not my intention to offer an exhaustive explanation and analysis of each and every Theory. It's relatively easy to find that information on the many websites and in the many resources out there. It's my intention to offer something in addition to this, a useful summary that supports different learning styles and an exploration of the tools we can use with clients, linked to the different theories. I would also like to offer a succinct critique with each Theory to get you started. Especially if you are completing your Level 6 Qualification in Career Guidance and Development, it's imperative that you form your own critique and make up your own mind about each of the different theories you encounter.
In addition, some tips for your research - Click/Tap for further information
- If you are exploring a new to you Theory, I would suggest starting with a picture search in google or similar. This wil normally bring up a visual representation of the Theory you are exploring. But... be careful you have the right one! This will hopefully give you a quick and easy way into a new Theory.
- Wikipedia, however imprecise it is by reputation, is a good starting point to get to know more about theorists. Also don't forget the references at the bottom of every Wikipedia page, which can offer an excellent reading list for further exploration.
- By adding the word 'scholar' or 'academic' behind your search term, you may have access to one of the many extracts of research texts that are available online. Another possible source of references, information and research could be book previews on websites like Amazon and co.
- I have also added some useful links to websites about career Theory in the 'useful links' section of this part of the website.
Career Choice and Attainment Model - Kimberly A.S.Howard 2010
Career Construction Theory & Life Design – Narrative approach - Mark Savickas 2005
Career Counseling with Underserved Populations Model - Mark Pope 2011
Career Engagement Model - Roberta A. Neault & Deirdre A. Pickerell 2011
Careership Theory - Hodkinson et al. 1996
Career Scotland Model
Career Self Determination Theory - Charles P. Chen 2015?
Career Writing Method - Reinekke Lengelle & Frans Meijers 2017
Chaos Theory of Careers - Pryor and Bright 2011
Client-centred Theory - Patterson 1964, Rogers 1942 & 1951
Cognitive Information Processing Theory - Sampson, Lenz, Reardon, & Peterson 1999
Coherent Career Practice - Kris Magnusson & Dave Redekopp 2011
Constructivist Theory - Chartrand et al. 1995; Cochran 1997; Collin & Young 1986; Peavy 1992; Savickas 1993 & 1997; Young et al. 1996
Contextual Action Theory (CAT) - Lev Vygotsky, L. Valach & Young, R. A. 2002
Continuous Participation Model - Danielle Rivern-Simard 2005
Cormier and Hackney Model - Harold L. Hackney & Sherry Cormier, 1993
Developmental Theory - Ginzberg et al. 1951
Differentialism - see Environmental Theory
Environmental Theory - Matching theories - Trait and Factor Theory - Alec Rodger 1952
Environmental Theory - Matching theories - Trait and Factor Theory - Frank Parsons 1908
Happenstance Theory - Krumboltz & Levin 1999 - 2004; Mitchell et al., 1999
Learning Theory of careers counselling (LTCC) - Mitchell and Krumboltz 1996
Matching Theory - See Environmental Theory
Motivational Interviewing - William R. Miller 1983
Protean Career - Douglas T. Hall 1976
Psychodynamic Theories - Anne Roe 1956
Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF)* - Raymond Cattell 1946, 1949, 1965
Skilled Helper Model - Gerard Egan 1998
Social Cognitive Career Theory - Hackett & Betz, 1981; Lent, Brown, & Hackett 1994
Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) - Hackett & Betz, 1981; Lent, Brown, & Hackett 1994
Social Learning Theory - Albert Bandura 1977 & 1986
Social Learning Theory (SLTCDM) - Krumboltz et al 1976, Mitchell & Krumboltz 1990 & 1996
Solution Focused Career Theory - Judi Miller 2004
Sparks Theory - Minna Kattelus 2010 - 2015
Storyboarding - Bill Law 2008
Strengths-based Approach - Schutt 2007
Structural Theory (see Opportunity Structure Theory) - Roberts 1968 - 1997
Synergistic Theory of organizational career development - Kerry Bernes 1999
Theory of Circumscription and Compromise - Gottfredson 1981
Trait and Factor Theory of Occupational Choice - see Environmental Theory
Value-based Career Decision Making - Brown 2002
Work Adjustment Theory - Dawis & Lofquist 1984