Please click on any of the letters above to find the corresponding theory.
Not all theories will have a corresponding page, yet, however. I am in the middle of updating this, so please come back to find out more. Of course, if there isn't a page yet, feel free to copy and paste anything into a search engine to do your research.
As mentioned before, it is not my intention to offer an exhaustive explanation and analysis of each and every Theory. It's relatively easy to find that information on the many websites and in the many resources out there. It's my intention to offer something in addition to this, a useful summary that supports different learning styles and an exploration of the tools we can use with clients, linked to the different theories. I would also like to offer a succinct critique with each Theory to get you started. Especially if you are completing your Level 6 Qualification in Career Guidance and Development, it's imperative that you form your own critique and make up your own mind about each of the different theories you encounter.
In addition, some tips for your research - Click/Tap for further information
- If you are exploring a new to you Theory, I would suggest starting with a picture search in google or similar. This wil normally bring up a visual representation of the Theory you are exploring. But... be careful you have the right one! This will hopefully give you a quick and easy way into a new Theory.
- Wikipedia, however imprecise it is by reputation, is a good starting point to get to know more about theorists. Also don't forget the references at the bottom of every Wikipedia page, which can offer an excellent reading list for further exploration.
- By adding the word 'scholar' or 'academic' behind your search term, you may have access to one of the many extracts of research texts that are available online. Another possible source of references, information and research could be book previews on websites like Amazon and co.
- I have also added some useful links to websites about career Theory in the 'useful links' section of this part of the website.
Career Scotland Model (see NTU Career Continuum)
Client-centred Theory - Patterson 1964, Rogers 1942 & 1951
Community Interaction Theory - Bill Law 1981 & 1996
Constructivist Theory - Chartrand et al. 1995; Cochran 1997; Collin & Young 1986; Peavy 1992; Savickas 1993 & 1997; Young et al. 1996
Differentialism - see Environmental Theory
DOTS Model - Law & Watts, 1977 & 1996
Environmental Theory - Matching theories - Trait and Factor Theory - John L. Holland 1966, 1973, 1985, 1992
Matching Theory - See Environmental Theory
Narrative Career Counselling - Savickas (eg 1997), Cochran (eg 1997) & Peavy (eg 2000)
Opportunity structure Model - Roberts 1968 - 1997
Planned Happenstance Theory - Krumboltz & Levin 1999 - 2004; Mitchell et al., 1999 (See Happenstance)
Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF)* - Raymond Cattell 1946, 1949, 1965
Social Learning Theory - Albert Bandura 1977 & 1986
Solution Focused Career Theory - Judi Miller 2004
Sparks Theory - Minna Kattelus 2010 - 2015
3 Step Storyboarding - Bill Law 2008
Strengths-based Approach - Schutt 2007
Structural Theory (see Opportunity Structure Theory) - Roberts 1968 - 1997
Synergistic Theory of Organisational Career Development - Kerry Bernes 1999
Systems Theory Framework of Career Development - Wendy Patton & Mary McMahon 2006
Trait and Factor Theory of Occupational Choice - see Environmental Theory
Transition Theory - Schlossberg 1981 & 1989
Two Factor Theory - Frederick Herzberg 1968 - see Motivaton Hygiene Theory
Value-based Career Decision Making - Brown 2002