Help someone make their mark in the world

A To Theorists A - Z B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y Z

 

Please click on any of the letters above to find the corresponding theory.

I have, as far as possible, classified theories using the different icons below. Classification is not always clearly possible or easy and some theories fall in between, or straddle, two or more categories. The categorisation I made is therefore slightly tenuous. It should fit in with the requirements for the Level 6 Qualification in Career Guidance, however.

  Differentialism   Community Interaction   Learning theories
  Developmentalism   Theories linked to uplanned events management   Motivational theories
  Structuralism   Constructivism   Transition theories and theories of change
  Opportunity Structure   Theories derived from psychology/psychotherapy/counselling   Vocational behaviour theories
  Social Learning   Theories focusing on the needs or specific sociocultural groups   Theories of deicsion making and avoidance
     
  This symbol indicates theories that would be of particular interest for those studying for the Level 6 Qualification in Career Guidance. Please be aware that these are not the only theories that apply and it would in my view be important to familiarise yourself with other theories as well. In addition to this, there is a specific question (Lo. 6.6.1 and 6.6.2) which focuses on new theories. I think it would also be important to focus on those theories that are specifically important or relevant to your specific work context (eg. working with children or specifically with adults).

 

As mentioned before, it is not my intention to offer an exhaustive explanation and analysis of each and every Theory. It's relatively easy to find that information on the many websites and in the many resources out there. It's my intention to offer something in addition to this, a useful summary that supports different learning styles and an exploration of the tools we can use with clients, linked to the different theories. I would also like to offer a succinct critique with each Theory to get you started. Especially if you are completing your Level 6 Qualification in Career Guidance and Development, it's imperative that you form your own critique and make up your own mind about each of the different theories you encounter.

In addition, some tips for your research - Click/Tap for further information

Normally, none of us have access to a full academic library. The best most of us can hope for is a search on the web and the few books we have. Making your time on the web count is important and I hope the following will help with that:

  • If you are exploring a 'new to you' Theory, I would suggest starting with a picture search in google or similar. This wil normally bring up a visual representation of the Theory you are exploring. But... be careful you have the right one! This will hopefully give you a quick and easy way into a new Theory.
  • Wikipedia, however imprecise it is by reputation, is a good starting point to get to know more about theorists. Also don't forget the references at the bottom of every Wikipedia page, which can offer an excellent reading list for further exploration.
  • By adding the word 'scholar' or 'academic' behind your search term, you may have access to one of the many extracts of research texts that are available online. Another possible source of references, information and research could be book previews on websites like Amazon and co.
  • I have also added some useful links to websites about career Theory in the 'useful links' section of this part of the website.

A

       
Marcr - Career theory: Acceptance and commitment therapy/training (ACT) - Tom Luken & Albert de Folter 2000 & 2012   Acceptance and Commitment Therapy/Training (ACT) - Tom Luken & Albert de Folter 2000 & 2012  

B

       
Marcr - Career theory: Boundaryless Career - Arthur & Rousseau 1996   Boundaryless Career - Arthur & Rousseau 1996

C

       
Marcr - Career theory: Career Anchors - Edgar H. Schein 1975   Career Anchors - Edgar H. Schein 1975
Marcr - Career theory: Career Choice and Attainment Model - Kimberly A.S.Howard 2010   Career Choice and Attainment Model - Kimberly A.S.Howard 2010  
Marcr - Career theory: Career Construction Theory & Life Design – Narrative approach - Mark Savickas 2005 - Psychodynamic Theories - Mark Savickas 1989   Career Construction Theory & Life Design – Narrative approach - Mark Savickas 2005
    Career Counseling with Underserved Populations Model - Mark Pope 2011  
Marcr - Career theory: Career Engagement Model - Roberta A. Neault & Deirdre A. Pickerell 2011   Career Engagement Model - Roberta A. Neault & Deirdre A. Pickerell 2011  
Marcr - Career theory: Career Scotland Model - NTU Career Contimuum - Nottingham Trent University   Career Scotland Model (see NTU Career Continuum)  
  Career Self Determination Theory - Charles P. Chen 2017  
Marcr - Career theory: Careership Theory - Phil Hodkinson and Andrew C. Sparkes 1997 - Horizon of action   Careership Theory - Phil Hodkinson and Andrew C. Sparkes 1996
Marcr - Career theory: Career Writing Method - Reinekke Lengelle & Frans Meijers 2017   Career Writing Method - Reinekke Lengelle & Frans Meijers 2017  
Marcr - Career theory: Change Management Model - Kurt Lewin 1947   Change Management Model - Kurt Lewin 1947
Marcr - Career theory: Change Model - Cynthia Scott and Dennis Jaffe   Change Model - Cynthia Scott and Dennis Jaffe 1988
Marcr - Career theory: Chaos Theory of Careers - Pryor and Bright 2011   Chaos Theory of Careers - Pryor and Bright 2011  
Marcr - Career theory: Client-centred Theory - Carl Rogers 1942 & 1951 & C.H. Patterson 1964   Client-centred Theory - Patterson 1964, Rogers 1942 & 1951
Marcr - Career theory: Cognitive Information Processing Theory - Sampson, Lenz, Reardon, & Peterson 1999 - CASVE cycle   Cognitive Information Processing Theory - Sampson, Lenz, Reardon, & Peterson 1999  
Marcr - Career theory: Coherent Career Practice - Kris Magnusson & Dave Redekopp 2011 - Career Support   Coherent Career Practice - Kris Magnusson & Dave Redekopp 2011  
Marcr - Career theory: Community interaction theory - Bill Law 1981 & 1996   Community Interaction Theory - Bill Law 1981 & 1996
Marcr - Career theory: Career Construction Theory & Life Design – Narrative approach - Mark Savickas 2005   Constructivist Theory - Chartrand et al. 1995; Cochran 1997; Collin & Young 1986; Peavy 1992; Savickas 1993 & 1997; Young et al. 1996  
Marcr - Career theory: Contextual Action Theory (CAT) - Lev Vygotsky, L. Valach & Young, R. A. 2002   Contextual Action Theory (CAT) - Lev Vygotsky, L. Valach & Young, R. A. 2002  
Marcr - Career theory: Continuous Participation Model - Danielle Rivern-Simard 2005   Continuous Participation Model - Danielle Rivern-Simard 2005  
Marcr - Career theory: Cormier and Hackney Model - Harold L. Hackney & Sherry Cormier, 1993   Cormier and Hackney Model - Harold L. Hackney & Sherry Cormier, 1993  
  Culture Infused Counselling Theory (CICC) - Nancy Arthur 2013  

D

       
Marcr - Career theory: Decision Making Model - Tanya Arroba 1977   Decision Making Model - Tanya Arroba 1977
Marcr - Career theory: Developmental theory - Ginzberg et al. 1951   Developmental Theory - Ginzberg et al. 1951
Marcr - Career theory: Developmental theory - Life Span Development - Donald Super 1957 and Donald Super et al. 1961 - Super's rainbow   Developmental Theory - Life Span Development - Donald Super 1957 and Donald Super et al. 1961 & 1980
    Differentialism - see Environmental Theory  
Marcr - Career theory: DOTS model - Law & Watts, 1977 & 1996   DOTS Model - Law & Watts, 1977 & 1996

E

       
Marcr - Career theory: Environmental theory – Matching theories - Frank Parsons 1908   Environmental Theory - Matching theories - Trait and Factor Theory - Frank Parsons 1908
Marcr - Career theory: Environmental theory – Matching theories - Alec Rodger 1952   Environmental Theory - Matching theories - Trait and Factor Theory - Alec Rodger 1952
Marcr - Career theory: Environmental Theory – Matching theories - John L. Holland 1966, 1973, 1985, 1992 RAISEC   Environmental Theory - Matching theories - Trait and Factor Theory - John L. Holland 1966, 1973, 1985, 1992
  Expectancy Motivation Theory - Victor Vroom 1964  
Marcr - Career theory: Experiential Learning Cycle - David Kolb 1984   Experiential Learning Theory - David Kolb 1985

F

       
Marcr - Career theory: The First Model - Tol Bedford 1982   The First Model - Tol Bedford 1982
Marcr - Career theory: Five-factor model (FFM) or OCEAN model* - Ernest Tupes & Raymond Christal 1961   Five-factor Model (FFM) or OCEAN Model* - Ernest Tupes & Raymond Christal 1961  

G

       

H

       
Marcr - Career theory: Happenstance theory - Krumboltz & Levin 1999 - 2004; Mitchell et al., 1999 - Planned happenstance   Happenstance Theory - Krumboltz & Levin 1999 - 2004; Mitchell et al. 1999
Marcr - Career theory: Hierarchy of Needs - Maslow 1954   Hierarchy of Needs - Maslow 1954

I

       
Marcr - Career theory: Integrative Life Planning Theory - Sunny Hansen 1997 - Hansen’s six critical life tasks   Integrative Life Planning Theory - Sunny Hansen 1997  

J

       

K

       

L

       
Marcr - Career theory: Learning Theory of Careers Counselling (LTCC) - Mitchell and Krumboltz 1996   Learning Theory of Careers Choice and Counselling (LTCC) - Mitchell and Krumboltz 1996
Marcr - Career theory: Life-is-Career Theory - Miller-Tiedeman 1999   Life-is-Career Theory - Miller-Tiedeman 1999
Marcr - Career theory: Developmental theory - Life Span Development - Donald Super 1957 and Donald Super et al. 1961 - Super's rainbow   Life Span Development - Donald Super 1957 - 1980

M

       
    Matching Theory - See Environmental Theory  
Marcr - Career theory: Motivational interviewing - William R. Miller, Terri Moyers and Stephen Rollnick 1983   Motivational Interviewing - William R. Miller and Stephen Rollnick  1983
Marcr - Career theory: Motivation Hygiene Theory - 2 Factor Theory - Frederick Herzberg   Motivation Hygiene Theory - 2 Factor Theory - Frederick Herzberg 1968
Marcr - Career theory: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Model* - Meyers and Briggs 1944   Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Model* - Meyers and Briggs 1944  

N

       
Marcr - Career theory: Narrative Career Counselling - Savickas (eg 1997), Cochran (eg 1997) & Peavy (eg 2000) - Overview   Narrative Career Counselling - Savickas (eg 1997), Cochran (eg 1997) & Peavy (eg 2000)  
Marcr - Career theory: Career Scotland Model - NTU Career Contimuum - Nottingham Trent University   NTU Career Continuum/Careers Scotland Model   

O

       
Marcr - Career theory: Opportunity Structure Theory - Roberts 1968 - 1997   Opportunity structure Model - Roberts 1968 - 1997

P

       
Marcr - Career theory: Happenstance theory - Krumboltz & Levin 1999 - 2004; Mitchell et al., 1999 - Planned happenstance   Planned Happenstance Theory - Krumboltz & Levin 1999 - 2004; Mitchell et al., 1999 (See Happenstance)
Marcr - Career theory: Protean Career - Douglas T. Hall 1976 - traditional versus protean career   Protean Career - Douglas T. Hall 1976  
Marcr - Career theory: Career Construction Theory & Life Design – Narrative approach - Mark Savickas 2005 - Psychodynamic Theories - Mark Savickas 1989   Psychodynamic Theories - Mark Savickas 1989  

S

       
Marcr - Career theory: 7 Stage Model of Change - Ronald Lippitt 1958   7 Stage Model of Change - Ronald Lippitt 1958
Marcr - Career theory: Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF)* - Raymond Cattell 1946, 1949, 1965   Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF)* - Raymond Cattell 1946, 1949, 1965  
Marcr - Career theory: Skilled Helper Model - Gerard Egan 1998   Skilled Helper Model - Gerard Egan 1998  
  Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) - Hackett & Betz, 1981; Lent, Brown, & Hackett 1994  
Marcr - Career theory: Social Learning Theory - Albert Bandura 1977 & 1986 - 3 theories: Learning through association, Reward and punishment model, Bandura's bobodoll experiment   Social Learning Theory - Albert Bandura 1977 & 1986
Marcr - Career theory: Social Learning Theory (SLTCDM) - Krumboltz et al 1976, Mitchell & Krumboltz 1990 & 1996   Social Learning Theory (SLTCDM) - Krumboltz et al 1976, Mitchell & Krumboltz 1990 & 1996
Marcr - Career theory: Solution Focused Career Theory - Judi Miller 2004   Solution Focused Career Theory - Judi Miller 2004  
    Sparks Theory - Minna Kattelus 2010 - 2015  
Marcr - Career theory: Stages of Change Model - Prochaska and DiClemente   Stages of Change Model - James Prochaska and Carlo DiClemente 1983
Marcr - Career theory: 3 Step Storyboarding Model - Bill Law 2008   3 Step Storyboarding - Bill Law 2008  
Marcr - Career theory: Strengths-based Approach - Schutt 2007 - Strength-based-Appreciative Approach   Strengths-based Approach - Schutt 2007  
Marcr - Career theory: Opportunity Structure Theory - Roberts 1968 - 1997   Structural Theory (see Opportunity Structure Theory) - Roberts 1968 - 1997
Marcr - Career theory: Synergistic Theory of Organisational Career Development - Kerry Bernes 1999   Synergistic Theory of Organisational Career Development - Kerry Bernes 1999  
Marcr - Career theory: Systems Theory Framework of Career Development - Wendy Patton & Mary McMahon 2006   Systems Theory Framework of Career Development - Wendy Patton & Mary McMahon 2006

T

       
Marcr - Career theory: Theory of Career Choice and Development - Anne Roe 1956 - Roe child experiences and occupational links   Theory of Career Choice and Development - Psychodynamic Theories - Anne Roe 1956  
Marcr - Career theory: Theory of Circumscription and Compromise - Linda Gottfredson 1981   Theory of Circumscription and Compromise - Linda Gottfredson 1981  
    Trait and Factor Theory of Occupational Choice - see Environmental Theory  
Marcr - Career theory: Transition Theory - Schlossberg 1981 & 1989   Transition Theory - Schlossberg 1981 & 1989
  Transition Cycle - N. Nicholson and M. A. West 1988
Marcr - Career theory: Motivation Hygiene Theory - 2 Factor Theory - Frederick Herzberg   Two Factor Theory - Frederick Herzberg 1968 - see Motivaton Hygiene Theory

V

       
Marcr - Career theory: Value-based Career Decision Making - D Brown 1995, 1996& 2002; Brown & Crace 1995   Values-Based Model of Career Choice - D Brown 1995, 1996 & 2002; Brown & Crace 1996  

W

       
Marcr - Career theory: Work Adjustment Theory - Dawis & Lofquist 1984 Balanced P-E correspondence   Work Adjustment Theory - Dawis & Lofquist 1984  
         

X

       
         

Y

       
         

Z