This website isn't complete... by a long stretch! It's more a cross between a blog and a website and a reflection of the research I do. At the moment I'm researching career theory and making graphics of each to help visual learners. When that's finished I'll add more text and I hope to add practical information to each of the theories. There is a long term plan! Since this is not strictly a commercial website, I don't mind it's not already perfect. I hope you find something useful on here. Come back often as things on here change all the time. In the meantime, feel free to contact me if you need anything!

Help someone make their mark in the world

Career Theorists A to Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y Z
To Theories A - Z

Please click on any of the letters above to find the corresponding theorist. Names are organised by surname, so you have to click on the corresponding first letter of the person's surname.

Not all theories will have a corresponding page, yet, however. I am in the middle of updating this, so please come back to find out more. Of course, if there isn't a page yet, feel free to copy and paste anything into a search engine to do your research.

As mentioned before, it is not my intention to offer an exhaustive explanation and analysis of each and every Theory. It's relatively easy to find that information on the many websites and in the many resources out there. It's my intention to offer something in addition to this, a useful summary that supports different learning styles and an exploration of the tools we can use with clients, linked to the different theories. I would also like to offer a succinct critique with each Theory to get you started. Especially if you are completing your Level 6 Qualification in Career Guidance and Development, it's imperative that you form your own critique and make up your own mind about each of the different theories you encounter.

In addition, some tips for your research - Click/Tap for further information

Normally, none of us have access to a full academic library. The best most of us can hope for is a search on the web and the few books we have. Making your time on the web count is important and I hope the following will help with that:

  • If you are exploring a new to you Theory, I would suggest starting with a picture search in google or similar. This wil normally bring up a visual representation of the Theory you are exploring. But... be careful you have the right one! This will hopefully give you a quick and easy way into a new Theory.
  • Wikipedia, however imprecise it is by reputation, is a good starting point to get to know more about theorists. Also don't forget the references at the bottom of every Wikipedia page, which can offer an excellent reading list for further exploration.
  • By adding the word 'scholar' or 'academic' behind your search term, you may have access to one of the many extracts of research texts that are available online. Another possible source of references, information and research could be book previews on websites like Amazon and co.
  • I have also added some useful links to websites about career Theory in the 'useful links' section of this part of the website.

 

A

            
  Nancy Arthur - Boundaryless Career - 1996      
      - Culture Infused Counselling Theory (CICC) - 2013      

B

 

 

        
  Albert Bandura - Social Learning Theory - 1977 & 1986    
  Tol Bedford - The First Model - 1982
  Kerry Bernes - Synergistic Theory of Organizational Career Development - 1999      
  Nancy Betz - Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) - 1981      
  Katharine Cook Briggs - Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Model* - 1945
  Jim Bright - Chaos Theory of Careers - 2011      
  Steven D. Brown - Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) - 1996      
  Duane Brown - Value-based Career Decision Making - 2002      
      - Values-Based Model of Career Choice - 1995 & 1996    

C

 

 

        
  Raymond Cattell - 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF)* - 1946, 1949 & 1965  
  J. M. Chartrand - Constructivist Theory - 1995     
  Charles P. Chen - Career Self-determination Theory - 2017     
  Raymond Christal - Five-factor Model (FFM) or OCEAN Model* - 1962      
  Larry Cochran - Constructivist Theory - 1997      
      - Narrative Career Counselling - 1997      
  A. Collin - Constructivist Theory - 1986
  Sherry Cormier - Cormier and Hackney Model - 1994      
  R. Kelly Crace - Values-Based Model of Career Choice - 1996      

D

 

 

        
  René V. Dawis - Work Adjustment Theory - 1984      
  Albert de Folter - Acceptance and Commitment Therapy/Training (ACT) - 2000 & 2012
  Carlo DiClemente - Stages of Change Model - 1983

E

 

 

        
  Gerard Egan - Skilled Helper Model - 1998      
              

G

 

 

        
  Eli Ginzberg - Developmental Theory - 1951      
  Linda Gottfredson - Theory of Circumscription and Compromise - 1981      

H

 

 

        
  Gail Hackett - Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) - 1981 & 1997    
  Harold L. Hackney - Cormier and Hackney Model - 1993      
  Douglas T. Hall - Protean Career - 1976      
  Sunny Hansen - Integrative Life Planning Theory - 1997      
  Frederick Herzberg - Motivation-Hygiene Theory - 1968
  Phil Hodkinson - Careership Theory - 1996
  John L.  Holland - Environmental Theory – Matching Theories - 1966, 1973, 1985, 1992
  Kimberly A.S. Howard - Career Choice and Attainment Model - 2010      
              

J

            
  Dennis T. Jaffe - Change Model - Resistance Cycle 1988

K

 

 

        
  Minna Kattelus - Sparks Theory - 2010 & 2015    
  David Kolb - Experiential Learning Cycle 1985
  John D. Krumboltz - Happenstance Theory - 1999 & 2004    
      - Learning Theory of Careers Counselling (LTCC) - 1997      
      - Social Learning Theory (SLTCDM) - 1976 & 1990 & 1996  

L

 

 

        
  Bill Law - Community Interaction Theory - 1981 & 1996
      - DOTS Model - 1977 & 1996    
      - 3 Step Storyboarding - 2008
  Reinekke Lengelle - Career Writing Method - 2017      
  Robert W. Lent - Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) - 1995      
  J. G. Lenz - Cognitive Information Processing Theory - 1999      
  A. S. Levin - Happenstance Theory - 1999 & 2004    
  Kurt Lewin - Change Management Model - 1947
  Ronald Lippitt - 7 Stage Model of Change - 1958
  Lloyd H. Lofquist - Work Adjustment Theory - 1985      
  Tom Luken - Acceptance and Commitment Therapy/Training (ACT) - 2000 & 2012

M

 

 

        
  Kris Magnusson - Coherent Career Practice - 2011      
  Abraham Maslow - Hierarchy of Needs - 1954
  Mary McMahon - Systems Theory Framework of Career Development - 2007      
  Frans Meijers - Career Writing Method - 2017      
  Isabel Briggs  Meyers - Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Model* - 1944      
  William R. Miller - Motivational Interviewing - 1983      
  Judi Miller - Solution Focused Career Theory - 2004      
  Anna Miller - Tiedeman - Life-is-Career Theory - 1999      
  Kathleen E. Mitchell - Happenstance Theory - 2001      
  L. K. Mitchell - Learning Theory of Careers Counselling (LTCC) - 1996      
  Anita M.  Mitchell - Social Learning Theory (SLTCDM) - 1990 & 1997    

N

 

 

        
  Roberta A. Neault - Career Engagement Model - 2011      
              

P

 

 

        
  Frank Parsons - Environmental Theory – Matching theories - 1908
  Cecil Holden Patterson - Client-centred Theory - 1964      
  Wendy Patton - Systems Theory Framework of Career Development - 2006      
  R. Vance Peavy - Constructivist Theory - 1992
      - Narrative Career Counselling - 2000      
  G. W. Peterson - Cognitive Information Processing Theory - 1999      
  Deirdre A. Pickerell - Career Engagement Model - 2011      
  Mark Pope - Career Counseling with Underserved Populations Model - 2011      
  James Prochaska - Stages of Change Model - 1983
  Robert Pryor - Chaos Theory of Careers - 2011      

R

 

 

        
  R. C. Reardon - Cognitive Information Processing Theory - 1999      
  Dave Redekopp - Coherent Career Practice - 2011      
  Danielle Rivern-Simard - Continuous Participation Model - 2005      
  Ken Roberts - Structural Theory (Opportunity Structure Model) - 1968 & 1997    
  Alec Rodger - Environmental Theory – Matching theories - 1952
  Anne Roe - Theory of Career Choice and Development - Psychodynamic Theories - 1956      
  Carl Rogers - Client-centred Theory - 1942 & 1951    
  Stephen Rollnick - Motivational Interviewing - 1983 
  Denise M. Rousseau - Boundaryless Career - 1996

S

 

 

        
  James P. Sampson - Cognitive Information Processing Theory - 1999      
  Mark Savickas - Career Construction Theory & Life Design – Narrative appr. - 2005      
      - Constructivist Theory - 1993 & 1997    
      - Narrative Career Counselling - 1997   
      - Psychodynamic Theories - 1989      
  Edgar H. Schein - Career Anchors - 1975      
  Nancy Schlossberg - Transition Theory - 1981 & 1989
  Donald A. Schutt - Strengths-based Approach - 2007      
  Cynthia D. Scott - Change Model - Resistance Cycle 1988 
  Andrew C. Sparkes - Careership Theory 1997
  Donald Super - Developmental Theory - Life Span Development - 1957 & 1961
      - Developmental Theory (further developed) - 1980      

T

 

 

        
  David Tiedeman - Life-is-Career Theory - 1999      
  Ernest Tupes - Five-factor Model (FFM) or OCEAN Model* - 1961      
              

V

 

 

        
  Ladislav Valach - Contextual Action Theory (CAT) - 2002      
  Victor Vroom - Expectancy Motivation Theory - 1964
  Lev Vygotsky - Contextual Action Theory (CAT) - 2002      

W

 

 

        
  A. G. Watts - DOTS Model - 1977 & 1996    
              

Y

 

 

        
  R. A. Young - Constructivist Theory - 1986      
      - Contextual Action Theory (CAT) - 2002